"increase public awareness regarding the need for an alternative funding source for surface transportation programs and provide information on possible approaches."In other words, they need cash for their pet high-speed rail projects and, at the same time, they want to make it so expensive to drive that folks will have no choice but to hop on the train when they finally get them built.
Right now I drive 60 miles a day round trip. It's possible that I will double that. Right now the average tax on gasoline (state, local, federal) AVERAGES 48.1 cents/gallon. In my home state of Indiana, 55.6 cents of every gallon is money going to some government body (as an aside, gas stations make about 2 cents/gallon profit). See the charts and data here and here. So the feds want to double-tax me-once at the pump and again when I make use of my car to get from point A to point B.
There are so many problems with this that I am really not sure where to start. There is the privacy issue, since the government will be able to track where I go, when I stop, and how long I'm there. There is the double-tax issue since I'm already presumably paying for roads and such in the taxes already included in the price of fuel. There is the social engineering standpoint where the government is going to hamstring the ability of the populace to move freely from point a to point b by a transportation device that they cannot now control by making it too expensive. In this way they can both control where the populace is as well as force them to use transportation that will open everyone to the unreasonable searches now carried out by TSA. I'm sure I'm missing something in this Russian doll-type situation.